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Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp trek is the classic Himalayan trek taking you to the foot of the earth’s highest point and nearby magnificent mountain peaks, where warm Sherpa hospitality awaits the adventurer.

“…magnificent mountain peaks and warm Sherpa hospitality await the adventurer”

The Khumbu region is home to Mount Everest (called Sagarmatha in Nepali) which at 8848m is the world’s highest mountain as well as numerous other peaks including Lhotse (8514m).

First summited by Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary in 1953, Everest has traditionally been the ultimate goal for mountaineers. Today trekkers of all ages seek the challenge of reaching this famous mountain’s Base Camp. Flying in to Lukla, you will explore the mountains and valleys around the towering peak, rest in local Sherpa teahouses and learn about their traditions and culture.

The Everest area offers a variety of routes and your adventure can last anywhere from a week up to a month. Contact Us to learn more about customising your trek. 

Day 0 – Arrival in Nepal

It is strongly advised that you arrive in Nepal at least 1 full day before the intended start date of your trek. This will give you the opportunity to allow for any jetlag and to obtain any additional items you may require in the numerous trekking and climbing supply shops in Kathmandu.

An airport pick up and hotel on arrival can be arranged easily for you if you wish and we will be on hand to assist you in picking up any items you need or want and to arrange tours of Kathmandu’s numerous cultural sites.

Day 1 - Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, trek to Phakding     –   2800m

An early morning 45 minute flight from Kathmandu Domestic Airport propels us into the Everest region of Nepal. The landing at Lukla airport (2800m) is spectacular and on arrival we are greeted by our trekking crew who organise the luggage and hustle us off for tea.

After lunch we start in earnest, setting off to Phakding (2800m), 3 hours trek to the north. Our route takes us past hotels, shops and airline offices to the edge of the Lukla plateau where the path drops to meet the intersection of the Jiri trail at Chablung. From here we follow the Dudh Kosi river north through the village of Ghat and then finally to Phakding where we spend the night. 45 minute flight to Lukla and 3 hour trek to Phakding.

Day 2 - Phakding to Namche Bazaar     –   3440m

From Phakding we continue north up the Dudh Kosi valley, staying 100m above the river on its west bank. The trail leads us to Jorsale (2810m) where we enter the Sagarmatha National Park. Sagarmatha is the Nepali name for Mount Everest.

We continue along an ever-steepening trail to Namche Bazaar (3440m) and en route we cross the spectacular suspension bridge high above the Bhote Kosi and Dudh Kosi rivers and shortly after glimpse our first views of Everest, way off to the north-east. The trail to Namche is steep and long, but eventually we reach this remarkable Sherpa capital perched high on the hillside and dominated to the east by the immense mountain of Kwangde (6187m). 6 hour trek to Namche Bazaar.

Day 3 – Acclimatisation day in Namche     –   3440m

The main purpose of today is to acclimatise to the thinning air and reduced levels of oxygen at this altitude before we continue upwards towards the Everest Base Camp. Ascending too quickly can bring forth the symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), which can be fatal, so it is very important that we take today to allow our bodies some extra time to adjust, grow some more red blood cells and rest before we continue on our journey upwards.

We can spend the day browsing the local shops, visiting the National Park Visitor Centre or by taking a side trip to Thami or Khumjung. Namche is a great place to  hang out by taking in the stunning mountain views, observing the trading of visiting Tibetans or listening to the stories of departing mountaineers.

Day 4 - Namche to Tengpoche     –   3870m

From Namche the trail brings us north-east on a direct line to Everest, starting up the hill behind Namche and continuing along the reasonably flat trail high above the Dudh Kosi river. Ahead of us we can see one of the most beautiful mountains in the Khumbu – Ama Dablam (6856m), as well as Everest still far off in the distance.

We pass through the settlement of Sanasa before making our descent to the Dudh Kosi and the village of Phunki Thanga. From here it is a steep long climb back up the side of the hill to where Tengpoche monastery is located. As we enter the grounds of the monastery we are welcomed by some of the most magnificent mountain views in the world encompassing a panorama of Himalayan giants and Everest as it peeks above the Lhotse-Nuptse ridge. 6 hour trek to Tengpoche.

Day 5 - Tengpoche to Dingboche     –   4410m

The path initially descends through beautiful rhododendron forests and reaches a bridge across the Imja Khola where the river rushes through a narrow gorge, and from here it is a short walk to the settlement of Pangboche (3860m). After this point the trail and surroundings become distinctly alpine in appearance as we start to trek above the natural tree line. Our route is relatively easy, with a gentle climb towards Dingboche at 4410m. Dingboche is a long thin settlement nestled below a ridge that separates it from its neighbour Pheriche, at which there is a Himalayan Rescue Association medical centre. To the east we have fantastic views of Lhotse (8501m) and the popular climbing peak of Island Peak (6189m). 6 hour trek to Dingboche.

Day 6 - Acclimatisation day in Dingboche     –   4410m

To allow us to become adjusted to the thinning air and lessening pressure we take our second dedicated acclimatisation day. Whilst by no means compulsory, a recommended aid to acclimatisation is a side trip to Chhukung at 4730m. This is a short hike eastwards up the Imja Khola valley where you are rewarded with fantastic views of Lhotse, Ama Dablam and Island Peak.

Alternatively we can climb the ridge above Dingboche, walk across to Pheriche, or walk ahead to Duglha (4620m), tomorrow’s lunch spot.

Day 7 - Dingboche to Lobuje     –   4930m

Starting out from Dingboche we slowly ascend to the ridge above the village and continue northwards to the settlement of Duglha, reaching the terminal moraine of the great Khumbu Glacier where the trail and surrounding terrain becomes increasingly barren and harsh. After a short rest we continue up a steep slope higher on the moraine to a small flat area that is home to a number of memorials to mountaineers who have died in the Khumbu over the years.

Entering the Khumbu Valley we are granted magnificent views of the mountains that form part of Nepal’s border with Tibet as well as the giants that form part of the Everest massif. The trail brings us along the western side of the valley before eventually reaching the settlement of Lobuje (4930m). 6 hour trek to Lobuje.

Day 8 - Lobuje to Gorak Shep via Everest Base Camp (54360m)     –   5160m

We rise early and continue along the western side of the broad Khumbu Valley along the rough trail that brings us over 5000m for the first time. Due to the somewhat difficult terrain and high altitude it is important that we take our time here and hence progress can be slow.

The pyramid peak of Pumori (7145m) comes into view soon and underneath this we see the small dark peak of Kala Pattar (5545m). Kala Pattar offers the best vantage point for views of Everest and will be our objective tomorrow. However, the trail then descends down to the small settlement of Gorak Shep (5160m) where we take a short break.

Refuelled and rested we continue along the side of the Khumbu Galcier up to the site of Everest Base Camp. Everest Base Camp offers up amazing views of Nuptse (7861m), Khumbutse (6636m) and Pumori (7161m), although not Everest itself. The high point of the trek EBC can be home to an eerie hustle and bustle at this altitude and depending on the time of year, the colourful tents of mountaineers, with Everest summit on their minds, can be scattered around the base camp area. 8 hour trek to Gorak Shep via Everest Base Camp.

Day 9 - Gorak Shep to Pangboche via Kala Pattar (5545m)   -   3860m

Rising early again before dawn we trek up to Kala Pattar to take in the spectacular sunrise above Everest. The ascent takes around 2 hours of steady walking but from the summit we are able to see many of Everest’s key features including the South Col from where Hillary and Tenzing made their first ascent in 1953. Kala Patter offers up the greatest mountain view in the world and after taking our pictures of Everest and the surrounding Himalayan giants we descend back to Gorak Shep and start our walk back out of the mountains.

Trekking back down our previous route we will notice the reduction in altitude as the increased oxygen levels bring new energy to our tired muscles. Upon reaching Pangboche we take some well earned rest and after dinner we turn in for the night. 8 hour trek to Pangboche via Kala Pattar.

Day 10 - Pangpoche to Namche Bazaar     –   3440m

Descending from Namche we can relax and enjoy the views across to Kwangde and to Thamserku (6808m) and Kantega (6685m) to our left.

From Pangboche we make our way back to the monastery at Tengpoche after which the trail drops steeply to the river at Phunki Thanga before rising again on the way to Sanasa and back to Namche. 5 hour trek to Namche Bazaar.

 Day 11 - Namche Bazaar to Lukla    -   2800m

Today is the final day of our trek and it brings the conflicting feelings of relief and sadness as we retrace our steps along the trail above the Dudh Kosi. Descending steeply out of Namche we cross the suspension bridge below and get our last views of Everest for now. After lunch at Phakding we continue down the path, before turning off the main Jiri route and arriving back to Lukla by mid-afternoon. 8 hour trek to Lukla.

Day 12 - Fly to Kathmandu    -   1300m

The short return flight brings us back to the hustle and bustle of Kathmandu where you will be transferred back to your hotel by mid-afternoon. 45 minute fight to Kathmandu.

Weather conditions at Lukla can affect flight times and departures so we therefore advise you to have at least 2 extra days in your itinerary between your expected Everest trek completion date and your departure flight from Nepal. In the case of emergencies you can take a shared Helicopter, which can fly in conditions not suitable for planes, from Lukla to Kathmandu at an extra cost.

Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park is located in the remote area of Solukhumbu in eastern Nepal and encompasses the world’s highest mountain, Everest (8848m) or Sagarmatha (the Nepali name for Everest) and many other Himalayan giants, such as Lhotse (8516m), Cho-yo Ama Dablam (8201m) and Pumori (7161m). This vast region contains multiple routes and offers a good standard of amenities for visiting trekkers.

Level of Difficulty

With a peak altitude of 5360m, this trek is demanding. Days may involve walking for between 4 and 9 hours and can become more strenuous as we gain elevation, especially over 4000m. While most people can manage this trek, some regular walking and hiking exercise beforehand defiantly helps. Anybody with some reasonable level of physical fitness and a positive frame of mind can enjoy this trek.

Travel to and from Trek

The most common way to travel to the Sagarmatha (Everest) National park is via the 45-minute domestic plane ride from Kathmandu to Tenzing Hilary airport at Lukla. The airport’s landing strip is famously short and at an altitude of 2800m, flying in and out of this airport provides some of the most memorable experiences for anyone who undertakes a trek or climb in the Everest region.

If you have a few extra days to spare and/or would prefer to go by land to the Everest Region, the overland trip takes a minimum of 3 days each way with a one day bus trip to the town of Jiri and two days trek onwards to Lukla, where the main trek will begin.

Food and accommodation

Guest Lodges, sometimes called Teahouses, along the way provide good accommodation and a considerable choice of well-prepared meals. However, it is advisable to bring your own sleeping bag, as during the high season, bedding can be in short supply and it can get very cold at the higher altitudes.

Best time to Trek?

March to May is one of the best times to trek with lots of flowers in bloom, especially rhododendrons in the mountains. While the sky may not be crystal clear as during the autumn months, it is the second busiest season for trekking and mountaineering.

June to August are wet but the mountains and hills are covered with lush and full green forests and vegetation. The daily cloud cover means that mountain views are not guaranteed but as very few people travel during this time it can present the perfect opportunity for people to explore the trails and nature in quiet.

September to November are the busiest trekking months due to predictable weather and mostly clear skies. The mountain views are spectacular but the most popular trails can become quite busy.

The winter months of December to February are good to trek due to the clean skies and the reduced number of trekkers. However, you should be prepared for cold temperatures.

Safety on the trail and Acclimatisation

Our guides are trained in First Aid and have significant experience in trekking this and many other routes throughout Nepal. Safety is our foremost priority and our staff will be available for any issues, and alert to any symptoms of illness that may come up.

Altitude problems, Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), can be life threatening and can occur at any point above 3000m. Our trip itinerary has been designed specifically to allow you to have enough time to acclimatise to the altitude as our height increases. Our guides are very experienced and will act in accordance with the gravity of any mountain sickness suffered. The easiest and best remedy for AMS is to descend quickly, so never ignore the symptoms and please talk to your guide or leader if you feel unwell. They are trained to manage the logistics and assess the situation continually to make sure that you have a safe trip and enjoy yourself.

For more information on the trip and on trekking in Nepal, please visit out FAQ section.

Trek Cost:        $1400 / person

This is based on a twin sharing basis for a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 12 people.

Additional Cost:        $350 / person

Domestic return flight: Kathmandu- Lukla – Kathmandu, to/from  the starting point of the trek from/to Kathmandu.

INCLUDES

  • An experienced, high quality English-speaking trek leader/guide
  • Porter service
  • TIMS trekking permit and national park fees
  • Domestic airport drop off and pick up
  • Staffs food, wages, accommodation and insurance coverage
  • 3 meals a day and accommodation in local lodges along the trail

DOES NOT INCLUDE

  • Hotel in Kathmandu and Pokhara
  • Airport transportation, visa, international or international flights, airport tax
  • Bottled and hard drinks
  • Meals in Kathmandu and Pokhara
  • Your travel insurance
  • Expenses of a personal nature
  • Costs incurred due to any unforeseen events
  • Emergency evacuation and rerouting
  • Tipping
  • Everest Base Camp: They were so efficient and supportive through our journey from start to finish.

    Both my sister and I completed the Everest Base Camp Trek with Umbrella in March 2013.  Umbrella uses a local trekking company ‘Nature Treks’, and I have to say they were first class.  From the moment I made contact with Macartan Gaughan, Director of Umbrella in Nepal and Pema in Nature Treks I knew we were off to a great start.  They were so efficient and supportive through our journey from start to finish.  Pema even invited us to celebrate ‘Holi’ the ‘festival of colour’ with them...an amazing experience.  Our Guide Lorkendra was the best Guide we could have asked for.  He was very efficient and experienced, and understood our sense of humour...we pretty much laughed all the way to the top!  He was such good fun and made our trek a truly wonderful experience.

    We had the absolute privilege of having ‘Deepak, supported by Umbrella to become a trainee Guide on our trip. His life story was unbelievable.  It was our first time to reach Base Camp together...amazing. We also had ‘Sagar’ our Porter accompany us on the trip...such a lovely, helpful, yet innocuous guy.  Meeting the local Nepalese people was fabulous – they were so friendly and pleasant. We enjoyed getting a taste of Nepalese culture along the way, especially the tea houses – it was very memorable.

    The best part of booking our trek through Umbrella was that a portion of the money goes to helping the Street Children of Nepal.

    Would I do it again? Yes, without a doubt!  So get booking people!

    Jackie Broxton, Cavan, Ireland
  • Everest Base Camp Trek: The best decision that I made

    I recently undertook everest base camp trek and intended to complete this without a porter/guide however after falling ill after only day 1 I was faced with the decision to either spend a few days to recover or hire a porter guide who could help with my bag. I rang Macartan at Umbrella Trekking and thankfully one of the guides Arjun was available and willing to go with me for 12 days (this is just after Arjun had completed the Gokyo trek).

    This was the best decision that I made as not only did Arjun help with the bag he was also very insightful into areas that we were passing through and staying at night. Arjun spoke perfect English and this was great as we could talk with ease and I never felt the "language barrier" being an issue at all. While undertaking the treks Arjun was always careful to ensure that we were not running the risk of altitude sickness due to our pace and was always encouraging me to take on water where necessary and to take ample amount of breaks. Whenever there was something i may have asked that Arjun did not know he would investigate and find out further information off other guides/Nepalese people and ensure that he fully answered my question. During our stays in the guesthouses along the way Arjun always put my needs ahead of his and if there was ever any issue he would look after me without complaint. It was great to see the enthusiasm that Arjun had for trekking and being a guide and how keen he was to learn about my home culture. Hearing about his upbringing was very fascinating and day by day I saw Arjun as a friend as well as a guide. Arjun has a great humour and always smiling which rubs off on you.

    We spent many nights playing cards and telling stories with other trekkers. Also the fact that we were of a relatively similar age meant that we talked lots about issues/topics relevant to us. It was great to have someone to enjoy the highlights of my trip (EBC, Kala Patthar, Cho La Pass and Gokyo Ri) with and I definitely feel that thanks to Arjun he made a great trip an even better and more special one!!

The Umbrella Trek crew at Everest Base Camp
The Umbrella Trek crew at Everest Base Camp
The Umbrella Trek crew at Everest Base Camp
The 'cosy' flight from Kathmandu to Lukla is a memorable trip.
The 'cosy' flight from Kathmandu to Lukla is a memorable trip.
The 'cosy' flight from Kathmandu to Lukla is a memorable trip.
But the views on route to Everest are spectacular
But the views on route to Everest are spectacular
But the views on route to Everest are spectacular
Experience first hand the local Sherpa communities inside the Everest region
Experience first hand the local Sherpa communities inside the Everest region
Experience first hand the local Sherpa communities inside the Everest region
The Sagarmatha National Park is home to the highest mountain in the world, Everest, as well as some of its close competitors for that title
The Sagarmatha National Park is home to the highest mountain in the world, Everest, as well as some of its close competitors for that title
The Sagarmatha National Park is home to the highest mountain in the world, Everest, as well as some of its close competitors for that title
Experience Buddhist culture from within the Everest Region
Experience Buddhist culture from within the Everest Region
Experience Buddhist culture from within the Everest Region
Despite initially trekking through thick forests, the near by Himalayan giants start coming into view.
Despite initially trekking through thick forests, the near by Himalayan giants start coming into view.
Despite initially trekking through thick forests, the near by Himalayan giants start coming into view.
Trekking into the Everest region
Trekking into the Everest region
Trekking into the Everest region
Ancient Buddhist relics scatter your route around the Everest Region
Ancient Buddhist relics scatter your route around the Everest Region
Ancient Buddhist relics scatter your route around the Everest Region
Iron bridges, suspended high above rushing rivers and deep gorges are a regular and exciting (but safe!) encounter.
Iron bridges, suspended high above rushing rivers and deep gorges are a regular and exciting (but safe!) encounter.
Iron bridges, suspended high above rushing rivers and deep gorges are a regular and exciting (but safe!) encounter.
Jackie and Patricia taking some time out from the Everest Base Camp trek
Jackie and Patricia taking some time out from the Everest Base Camp trek
Jackie and Patricia taking some time out from the Everest Base Camp trek
The colourful Buddhist prayer flags are a regular sight in the Everest region, hung from high tree, rocks and mountains.
The colourful Buddhist prayer flags are a regular sight in the Everest region, hung from high tree, rocks and mountains.
The colourful Buddhist prayer flags are a regular sight in the Everest region, hung from high tree, rocks and mountains.
Stunning views and cold temperatures await you on the Everest Base Camp Trek!
Stunning views and cold temperatures await you on the Everest Base Camp Trek!
Stunning views and cold temperatures await you on the Everest Base Camp Trek!
Liam and Arjun at Everest Base Camp
Liam and Arjun at Everest Base Camp
Liam and Arjun at Everest Base Camp
Taking in the sights at Everest Base Camp
Taking in the sights at Everest Base Camp
Taking in the sights at Everest Base Camp
The topography of Everest Base Camp is made up of rocks and broken ice lending it an eery barren quality.
The topography of Everest Base Camp is made up of rocks and broken ice lending it an eery barren quality.
The topography of Everest Base Camp is made up of rocks and broken ice lending it an eery barren quality.
Twin propellor aeroplanes are the main means of transport to and from Lukla airport in Everest
Twin propellor aeroplanes are the main means of transport to and from Lukla airport in Everest
Twin propellor aeroplanes are the main means of transport to and from Lukla airport in Everest
The airport landing / take off strip at Lukla airport
The airport landing / take off strip at Lukla airport
The airport landing / take off strip at Lukla airport